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International Journal of Bioscience and Biochemistry

Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part B (2024)

Risk factors of hypertension in Basra governorate-Iraq


Abdullah Abbas Hamzah Al-Rubaye


Background: Hypertension is a complicated condition which impacts millions of humans globally. Dyslipidemia is the most common risk factors for hypertension, where elevated concentration of total cholesterol and other lipids in the blood help to the advancement of hypertension. Moreover, there are main roles of minerals and trace elements in the development of hypertension. These minerals and trace elements play important functions in different physiological processes, involving maintaining of blood pressure.
Aim of this study: To examine the relationship among blood pressure, dyslipidemia, minerals and trace elements, as well as to discover the primary risk factors of hypertension in population of Basra city.
Results: This study revealed that hypertensive patients with age group (70-89 years) more than another age groups, and in obese more than over and normal weight, and in smokers higher than non-smokers with significant differences (p˂ 0.05).
Levels Total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, and VLDL in hypertension group higher than normotension group, in contrast to levels of HDL in hypertension group less than normotension group, with statistical differences (p˂ 0.05).
Sodium, chloride, calcium, phosphorous, and copper concentrations in hypertensive patients higher than normotensive individuals, while potassium, magnesium and zinc in hypertensive patients lower than normotensive people, with significant differences (p˂ 0.05). Iron level show non-significant difference (p> 0.05) between hypertension group and health control group. 
Conclusion: The evidence found in the current study indicates that dyslipidemia and disturbances of minerals and trace elements act as the main risk factors for hypertension.

Pages: 102-107  |  53 Views  23 Downloads

International Journal of Bioscience and Biochemistry
How to cite this article:
Abdullah Abbas Hamzah Al-Rubaye. Risk factors of hypertension in Basra governorate-Iraq. Int. J. Biosci. Biochem. 2024;6(1):102-107. DOI: 10.33545/26646536.2024.v6.i1b.69
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