Lalita and Yogesh Kumar
Bee keeping has also becoming popular as one of the components in mixed farming systems and source of income for small farmer or landless labourer and taken a shape of hopeful enterprise or business also. But due to attack of natural enemies especially Galleria mellonella on honey bees, the beekeeping industries suffers from huge losses. In present study to combat from the pest problems, microbial biopesticide, chemical and non-chemical methods have been tried widely against G. mellonella in stored combs. The research was carried out at Research farm, Apiary and Apiculture Laboratory of the Department of Entomology, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar from June to December of both year 2016 and 2017. Among the different chemical and non-chemical measures tested for management of greater wax moth in stored combs; the most effective was storing stored comb at the low temperature treatment of -15 °C, -10 °C followed by at low temperature of -5 °C and 0 °C, Aluminum phosphide fumigation, Bt spray, separation of combs with newspapers, neem seed kernel extract (NSKE) spray, formic acid spray, acetic acid spray, hive chamber separation with newspaper, neem oil spray and broadcasting neem leaves powder. The study demonstrated the potentiality of low temperature treatment, Aluminum phosphide fumigation and Bt isolates against G. mellonella. Although, study also indicated that Aluminum phosphide fumigation in stored combs targets and destroy all life stages of the moth. Beside this, application of fumigants is economically convenient and requires little knowledge of the pest organism.
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